Types of Curtain Wall System and their Advantages

With the increase in the number of high-rise buildings, curtain wall systems came into the picture. Let us have a detailed look at curtain wall systems.

Curtain Wall Systems in High-Rise Buildings

What is a curtain wall?

A curtain wall is a thin, aluminum-framed wall. It can come with different fillings which include glass, metal panels, or thin stones. The framing is joined to the building structure. It doesn’t bear the load of the roof or the floor; instead, it relies on the building structure, specifically at the floor line.


Dating back to the 1930s, curtain wall systems rapidly came into use post World War 2. This was at a stage when aluminum just became available for use for purposes other than military ones.

In the current era, curtain wall systems have gained structural importance equivalent to that of other structural elements. Due to the fact that they are constantly exposed to the exterior atmosphere, a curtain wall has to be appropriately designed, installed and maintained. All this depends on the functionality and durability of the curtain wall system installed to support the structure of the building.

Types of Curtain Wall System

Curtain walls are precast at a factory and assembled before they are brought to the site. Basically, there are two types of curtain wall systems depending on the method by which the components are assembled.

  1. Stick Curtain Wall System
  2. Unitized Curtain Wall System

Stick Curtain Wall System:

In this type of curtain wall system, the components are assembled piece by piece on the structure of the building. This system is mainly used for low-rise buildings or in small regions. This is due to the fact that for reaching higher elevations it is important to have exterior access. This system promises flexibility as it gives space for onsite adjustments. Though it has the advantage of low shipping costs, the labor and time consumption should not be underestimated as tend to run quite high.

Unitized Curtain Wall System:

In this type of curtain wall system, the parts are already assembled in the factory. The components are installed and brought as a single unit from the factory to the site. This negates the need for individual installation. The size of the unitized curtain walls is directly proportional to the floor to floor height of the structure. Popular in high-rise buildings, they don’t need external supports such as cranes or scaffolding. Only mini cranes or temporary hoist are needed. This system offers the benefits of quick construction and good quality as the components are manufactured in a factory setting. However, this type of curtain wall system tends to increase the shipping charges due to need for larger and better protection during transportation to the site.

Components of a curtain wall:

Following are the structural elements of a single curtain wall unit installed on the building structure.

  1. Transom
  2. Mullions
  3. Vision Glass
  4. Anchor

What is Vision Glass?

In curtain wall systems, the transparent glass installed is called the vision glass. It may be double or triple glazed and can include Low-E coatings or reflective coatings.

What is the meaning of Structural Glazing?

Benefits Of Curtain Wall Systems

Structural glazing is a system which involves bonding glass to the structural framing units of an edifice using a high-strength, high-performance silicone sealant designed and tested especially for structural glazing.

The cost of getting a curtain wall system installed depends on the type of curtain wall you would like to have. Simply put, it shields the exterior of the building and even protects the interiors.

Get in touch with the team at Zero Defects today to schedule your no-obligation consultation for all of your curtain wall system needs. Contact us to learn more or to Request a Free Estimate.

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